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1963 the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland dissolves. Singapore independence 1966 - Botswana, Gambia, and Lesotho independent. Bangladesh independence 1972 - Ceylon changes to Sri Lanka 1973 - Bahamas independence 1974 - Guinea-Bissau independence. 1975 - Angola (formally Portuguese West Africa) and Mozambique independent. Tanganyika and Zanzibar merge to form new country: Tanzania 1965 - Southern Rhodesia independent (later became Zimbabwe in 1979 or 1980).
According to the ancient Greek poet Hesiod, Atlas stood at the ends of the earth in extreme west.
1977 - Djibouti independence 1978 - Dominica independence 1979 - St. 1994 - South Africa territory Walvis Bay becomes part of Namibia 1997 - Zaire changes name to Democratic Republic of the Congo Hong Kong possession transfers from United Kingdom to Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China Western Samoa changes name to Samoa 1998 - Nunavut Territory created from part of Northwest Territories (Canada) 1999 - Macao transferred from Portugal to China2002 - East Timor gains independence from Indonesia (declared independence from Portugal in 1975 but did not became independent from Indonesia until 2002.) 2003 - Yugoslavia divides into Serbia and Montenegro 2006 - Montenegro was part of Serbia and Montenegro (also known as Yugoslavia) but gained independence after a referendum.
USSR invades Afganistan.1979/1980 - Zimbabwe gains independence from United Kingdom. Antigua and Barbuda become independent state in British Common-Wealth of Nations 1984 - Upper Volta changes name to Burkina Faso1991 - Soviet Union dissolves into 15 new countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan 1992 - Yugoslavia dissolves into 5 new countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Slovenia, Yugoslavia 1993 - Czechoslovakia divides into Czech Republic and Slovakia 1993 - Eritrea was part of Ethiopia but seceded and gained independence1994 - Palau was part of the Trust Territory of Pacific Islands (administered by the United States) and gained independence as a former colony.
Kosovo may also gain independence from Serbia in the future.
(June 3) 2006 - Serbia was part of Serbia and Montenegro (also known as Yugoslavia) became its own entity after Montenegro split.
Major break-up of colonial Africa: French West Africa, French Equatorial Africa, Belgian Congo, and other territories end, creating over 15 independent countries, including Niger, Chad, Somalia, Congo, Nigeria.